The 2019 global competitiveness index has been released, which assesses countries and cities regarding talent competitiveness and the future of work in these countries and cities. This year the report focused on entrepreneurial talent and how the nurturing of this talent affects the competitiveness of different economies. The latest report uses new methodology based on the rapid transformation of the global economy due to the fourth industrial revolution.
The World’s Most Competitive Countries: High income versus low-income countries
This year’s global competitive index report reveals that Switzerland and the United States continue to lead the way when it comes to talent competitiveness. While countries with economies that are struggling and provide lower incomes like Asia, Latin America and Africa are seeing an erosion in their talent base. The study highlighted the gap between the top countries on the index and those on the bottom is growing and that talent competitiveness is blossoming in countries where it is already strong and weakening even further in countries where it is low. The report showed that South Africa has continued its downward spiral in the global competitiveness rankings, falling to 67 out of 140 countries!
The study also showed that policies that encourage and foster talent competitiveness in more developed countries are less affected by political or socioeconomic upheavals as they have the stability to invest in the skills and learning to attract top talent.
A drive to encourage entrepreneurial talent
This year’s report shows that the highest-ranking countries and cities are the ones that are most open to entrepreneurial talent and are using new approaches to stimulate entrepreneurial and intrapreneurial talent. Another aspect that is encouraging the role of entrepreneurial talent is digitalisation and globalisation.
Cities versus countries
Cities rather than countries are also developing stronger roles in terms of acting as talent hubs due to their greater flexibility to absorb new trends and patterns of behaviour. The top-ranking city in 2019 is Washington DC, followed by Copenhagen, Oslo, Vienna and Zurich. The five pillars the index uses to establish the competitiveness of these cities are their ability to “Be Global”, “Attract”, “Grow”, “Enable” and “Retain” highly skilled talent.
The 15 most competitive countries
- United States of America
- United Kingdom
- New Zealand
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